Production-Now.com Media Production Mentoring

Free film school designed with young/poor filmmakers in mind.

5.08.2015

How to Think Like an Editor: Finding the Moments that Tell Your Story

As I watched "Watchtower of Turkey," it reminded me of my first attempt to edit some footage together. But before I tell you that story, check out this amazing bit of art:



Now go read this great write-up on how he made it.

Okay, back to my story (which is far less impressive, but a little more attainable than taking three weeks to wander Turkey gathering four terabytes of footage and then exporting each usable shot as an image sequence so you can color correct it using a photo app and then exporting it all out as video again for editing along with your 3,000 sound bites). The first time I was handed a bunch of footage to cut, I looked through it and saw nothing usable. Here is that story:



Take heart if you're despairing that your footage is worthless. I've been there. I know exactly what it's like to look at what you have and see ... nothing useful. But this, this is the very heart of editing. Your job is not to have the footage tell you its story, but for you to draw your story from the moments captured as video.

Start, as Leonardo Dalessandri did, by finding all the moments you like and discarding the clips that aren't any good. What can you tell with what you have?

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

3.03.2015

Image Inspiration: Squares


Squares

There have been very few shots, of late, that have told me anything. But this one screams: TRAPPED!

Everything in the shot -- aside from the character, off to the side, separated from everything else by the doors framing the scene -- is sharply angular. The lamps. The couch. The windows. The panes. The pictures. Everything reinforces the "behind bars" motif. The character is now alone, hopeless, and trapped.

It's fantastic.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

1.30.2015

Keep Things Moving


theawkwardyeti.com

Not only do I find this comic humorous, but it also teaches a great lesson about storytelling, comedy, and editing. We do not need to see the bowels move to the bathroom. In fact, we can cut directly from the moment of surprise to the sound of the toilet flushing. This keeps things moving and focuses the audience on the important moments of the tale.

Do the same in your productions wherever possible.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

1.21.2015

Visual Joke: Short Skirts

As filmmakers, we can slip in all kinds of little jokes here and there. This one comes right after a brief discussion between two characters about a girl. Character A insisted that B likes the girl because of the length of her skirts.

"They're not that short," Character B protests.

The next scene includes this shot of a different girl:


Skirt Length

It has no bearing on the story whatsoever as the waitress is a background character. But the wardrobe is absolutely intentional to play the gag a bit longer. These moments aren't just for the humor. These choices help reinforce key ideas and are a great way to practice visual storytelling.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

8.26.2014

Short Film: Cyclical



This is a very personal project for me, exploring the cycles I experience of doing well and then falling back into self-destructive activities. The solution, I find, is not to try harder -- as if that has ever worked! -- instead, I must give up my personal ideal of saving myself. I cannot. And this project proved that again and again.

Behind the Scenes



I will not reiterate here what I cover in the BTS video above (there's far too much content). Watch it and enjoy. This post will delve into additional thoughts and comments.

Cyclical was blessed by the tremendous number of talented and funny people who participated. We laughed so much while making this movie. Probably the funniest moment was when we were getting the "leafleting" scene. My initial idea was to have one guy reluctantly take a flyer and the next flat-out refuse with his hand up. Then Megan asked if she could follow him. The result was hilarious! Megan admitted the idea was based on her own fear that people handing out propaganda would chase her down. Perfect. The full clip is fantastic, but I cut it up for pacing reasons. Here's the reaction of the four actors who have just seen the clip:


Laughing

During another take, Megan was eating a pop tart and started eating the crumbs off her lap. She stopped when she realized she was doing it on camera. I told her it was perfect and hilarious. Because it was.


Crumbs

In many ways, these moments of levity made up for the private meltdowns and emotional freak-outs I had while stressing between shoots. This project was overwhelmingly heavy and difficult. Things kept falling apart and even when they were not, I was.

For years I've felt that I hate production, the act of being on set. There is so much pressure to get stuff done and get it right! But this film revealed that the issue is more pointed than that for me. Being on set can be fun -- like when we laughed and took fun pictures; it's the stuff I can't control that freaks me out, almost as much as relying on my technical abilities to use a camera (something I have much improved in over the last few years). There weren't any real technical difficulties with this shoot. The problems were all scheduling/availability issues or questions of if something would actually work. I did not count the number of times I was on the floor or my bed a puddle of raving lunacy. My poor wife.

I've got a lot of growing up to do.

The generosity of people never ceases to amaze me. Zero-budget filmmaking is cool because it forces us to use the resources available to us. But that doesn't mean we can't get cool stuff or great locations. We started out shooting at the park down my street (the same giant park where we shot Applejack) and just wandered through a neighborhood with apartments. Friends and family let me shoot in their houses, apartments and backyards. One friend let us into her art studio early on a Saturday morning so we could have access to restrooms while shooting in the parking lot out front:


Audi

I feel the most gratitude for the business locations that let me film in them. My family eats at Little Basil all the time. I've had their Chicken Pad Thai at least 200 times. It's that good. I think they let me shoot after their peak time -- 8:30pm -- because of our longstanding relationship. Headed West stepped up and let me film after my first location bailed on me; one employee was concerned that my film was cannabis related, as they are not a dispensary. It worked out and we got the few shots we needed. Thank you!

Initially, my plan for the beggar scene was to go downtown late at night and hope nobody bothered us (vagabonds or law enforcement). My wife suggested we go someplace closer. That's when I remembered the off-the-beaten-path storefronts in a shopping center 20 minutes from my house. It was perfect! We rehearsed the scene a few times just in case we only got one take before someone came along and kicked us out. Thankfully, no one interrupted us and we were able to attempt the complex single-take as many times as we needed. That ended up being my favorite shot of the film:


Beggar

By the by, the establishing shot of the clock tower had a ton of shake in it because I grabbed it as an afterthought and didn't bring my tripod. I don't have any fancy image stabilization software, so I uploaded the clip to YouTube and used the Editor as a quick (and free) way to remove the wobble. It worked remarkably well!

One of the issues we encountered in a big way while shooting in "live" environments (places where we had no control over what others did) was the ridiculous amount of background noise. This was particularly bad at the park where a train for kids loops through and a water park bell clangs constantly from the hill. This is one of the many aspects of zero-budget video production that really hurts the overall production value. On the other hand, we happened to get one of our shots with the train, so that was cool. And having a bunch of people milling about the park gave it some nice depth.


The Train Whistle Ruins Another Take

The changing scene was originally set in a giant closet. But I couldn't procure one of those. Instead, I got into an incredible bathroom. Even with all the space (including a jacuzzi-style tub), my long lens struggled to get both girls in the frame. I purchased a new lens after the fact so I won't run into that again. The bathroom opened into a very large bedroom but, again, I didn't have space to get a feeling for the room. To compensate and communicate, I let the bedposts frame the shot. It was the best I could do with what we had (especially since we only had a few minutes before we needed to move to the next location). Out of necessity, I also ignored the fact that it was so bright out and the scene was set around 10pm. No one cares. No one noticed.


Bedposts

We were fast losing light when we shot in Izzy's apartment. The clip where Rex shows up and demands a drinking buddy was thus going to be a single shot. We took it a couple times and moved on. But when I sat down to edit, I liked moments from two different takes. So the next time I had Izzy over, I grabbed a similar bathrobe and snapped the cutaway. It worked.


(Root) Beer

As we approached the fight scene between the girls, they were convinced they couldn't do it without laughing. Their plan, then, was to fight silently, mouthing words but nothing more. This actually worked out really well and is an excellent example of how what is said doesn't matter. Words would cheapen the experience.

I don't have enough distance from this video as of writing this post to know how successful it is as a short film. I'm still too close to the writing and technical aspects to be able to see it as a movie. It's still just the pieces all put together. I'm happy with it, but like everything, I felt like I just had to stop and release it. You can tweak forever, so you have to just publish at some point. And now is that point.

As I mentioned in the Behind the Scenes video, I plan to release this film as an editing course. That is going to take a long time to put together, but keep and eye out. It's coming...

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

P.S. See more short films by Luke Holzmann here: http://www.production-now.com/shorts.html

6.24.2014

What Titanfall Taught Me About Movie Making

I'm not good at shooters like Titanfall. But I've found I've improved as I play.

The same is true of filmmaking as well. You have to practice to get better. You don't even need formal training (just like video games; though, as in both, a few pointers now and then can certainly help). You need to become familiar with your tools. You need to hone your skills.



So, take a break from your hours of video games this summer and spend a few out shooting some footage. That practice will make you better when it comes time to shoot one of your projects.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

6.02.2014

Have Your Character Break Character

Let's say you want your audience to know that this girl is falling for a guy. Her character is already well-established as more of a tomboy, dressing in a funky wardrobe.


A Little Boyish

All you need to do to show that her feelings are changing is to get her to choose to break out of her normal style. Dress like someone she isn't. Do something she wouldn't do otherwise.


Lip Gloss While Waiting

This will work for guys as well. He normally bum around in shorts and flip flips? Put him in a tie. All you need to do is break character enough to be uncomfortable but excited.

Then, if you want to break your character's happy anticipation, do something to dash all hope. Then have your character undo what was just done...


Wiping Off the Gloss

It certainly wouldn't hurt to have your star give a few death glares now and again either.


Furious

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

5.20.2014

I'm Only Barbie

I heard the Christina Perri "Only Human" song on the radio. That inspired me to look up the video. I really liked the brief effect they toss in now and again:


Not Only Human

Would it be possible to pull off a similar look in a short period of time, with zero resources, and no fancy programs? Let's find out.



In a word: Yes.

Using a Barbie, a camera, a light, and some electrical tape, I got the shots I needed. Then I cut everything together in Sony Vegas Studio (not Pro) and did the effect work in Gimp (which is free and not a crazy 3D effects program like Blender).


Only Barbie

If something inspires you, try to do it yourself with the tools you have.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor

4.21.2014

New Free Sound Effects: Ripping Carcass

I've been dragging my feet on the next Editing 101 lesson because it involves sound. I need to record a ton of foley and sound effects and that takes time. But as I record these sounds, I'm publishing them as royalty-free/public domain on freesound.org so you can benefit from my hard work. I hope I can save you a few hours on your next production!



Grab some royalty free sound effects now.

If you want the specific sounds:
  1. Ripping apart a carcass
  2. Eating juicy meat
  3. Small bones breaking
More to come. And, as always, if you need a sound, let me know. I'll try to get to it at some point.

 ~Luke Holzmann
Your Media Production Mentor